47If your eye causes you to sin, tear it out. It is better for you to enter the kingdom of God with one eye than with two eyes to be thrown into hell, 48‘where their worm does not die and the fire is not quenched.’ 49For everyone will be salted with fire. 50Salt is good, but if the salt has lost its saltiness, how will you make it salty again? Have salt in yourselves, and be at peace with one another.”
After a season of teaching and healing throughout Israel, Jesus and The Twelve returned to His adopted hometown of Capernaum.
In a brief discourse, He warned His disciples about temptation to sin and the importance of righteous behavior.
“salt”: The Hebrews had access to an unlimited supply on the shores of the Dead Sea. . . . Such salt was of the rock or fossil variety, and, because of impurities and the occurrence of chemical changes, the outer layer was generally lacking in flavour. The reference in Mt. 5:13 is to this latter, much of which was discarded as worthless. Salt was valued as a preservative and for seasoning food (Mt. 5:13; Mk. 9:50; Col. 4:6). It was often used among Oriental peoples for ratifying agreements, so that salt became the symbol of fidelity and constancy.
R. K. Harrison, “Salt,” ed. D. R. W. Wood et al., New Bible Dictionary (Leicester, England; Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1996), 1046.
“be at peace” [erēneuō]: (1) transitive verb, to cause others to live in peace, reconcile; (2) intransitive verb, generally of ending a state of enmity or hostilities, live in peace, be at peace, keep the peace.
William Arndt, Frederick W. Danker, and Walter Bauer,