21“You have heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not murder; and whoever murders will be liable to judgment.’ 22But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother will be liable to judgment; whoever insults his brother will be liable to the council; and whoever says, ‘You fool!’ will be liable to the hell of fire. 23So if you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother has something against you, 24leave your gift there before the altar and go. First be reconciled to your brother, and then come and offer your gift.
As a result of His teaching, preaching, and healing the sick throughout Israel, Jesus’ fame attracted great multitudes. After Jesus retreated to the hill country to pray in solitude, He emerged to find a large crowd waiting for Him.
He taught them in this discourse, known as the “Sermon on the Mount.” This body of teaching explains how His kingdom differs from the current world system, announces the arrival of His kingdom, and invites hearers to become a part of it today.
“reconciled” [diallassomai]: to be restored to normal relations or harmony with someone, become reconciled.
William Arndt, Frederick W. Danker, and Walter Bauer,
“gift” [dōron]: used for human gifts (Mt. 2:11), sacrifices (Mt. 5:33), money gifts (Lk. 21:1), and God’s gifts (Eph. 2:8).
Gerhard Kittel, Gerhard Friedrich, and Geoffrey William Bromiley,