27“You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall not commit adultery.’ 28But I say to you that everyone who looks at a woman with lustful intent has already committed adultery with her in his heart. 29If your right eye causes you to sin, tear it out and throw it away. For it is better that you lose one of your members than that your whole body be thrown into hell. 30And if your right hand causes you to sin, cut it off and throw it away. For it is better that you lose one of your members than that your whole body go into hell.
As a result of His teaching, preaching, and healing the sick throughout Israel, Jesus’ fame attracted great multitudes. After Jesus retreated to the hill country to pray in solitude, He emerged to find a large crowd waiting for Him.
He taught them in this discourse, known as the “Sermon on the Mount.” This body of teaching explains how His kingdom differs from the current world system, announces the arrival of His kingdom, and invites hearers to become a part of it today.
“lose” [apollumi]: (1) to cause or experience destruction; (2) to fail to obtain what one expects or anticipates, lose out on, lose; (3) to lose something that one already has or be separated from a normal connection, lose, be lost.
William Arndt, Frederick W. Danker, and Walter Bauer,
“hell” [gehenna]: The Greek form of the Hebrew name for the Wadi er-Rababi. This acquired a bad reputation because of the sacrifices offered to Moloch there (2 Kgs. 16:3). Judgment was pronounced on it (Jer. 7:32), and it thus came to be equated with the hell of the last judgment.
The NT distinguishes between hádēs and géenna: a. the former is temporary, the latter definitive (cf. Mk. 9:43, 48); b. the former is for the soul alone, the latter for the reunited body and soul (Mk. 9:43ff.; Mt. 10:28). géenna is preexistent (Mt. 25:41). It is manifested as a fiery abyss (Mk. 9:43) after the general resurrection. Those who fall victim to divine judgment (Mt. 5:22; 23:33) will be destroyed there with eternal fire.
Gerhard Kittel, Gerhard Friedrich, and Geoffrey William Bromiley,